Proposal of a novel ammonia brayton cycle integrated with a methane/hydrogen brayton cycle; Thermodynamic and environmental impacts assessments


Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P.O. Box 179, Ardabil, Iran


In recent decades, the environmental concerns about utilization of fossil fuels in energy systems have convinced the researchers to chase and employ the carbon-free fuels. Ammonia, regardless of its higher combustion temperature and the significant NOx emission is considered as a promising type of carbon-free fuels, which improving its chemical properties would introduce it as an excellent heat source of power plants. In present study, the proposal of series of ammonia and methane/hydrogen Brayton cycles connected through the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) unit was investigated. The EGR unit allowed the overall combined cycle to run with the least value of carbon dioxide and NOx. Hence, the chemical and thermodynamic analyses were carried out to yield the optimum molar fractions of fuel mixture, which resulted in lower combustion temperature, higher thermal efficiency as well as specific work. Focusing on the equivalence ratio () as  the key parameter in this study, the results showed that under operating conditions, the overall thermal efficiency improved from 63% to 74%, while the remarkable efficiency improvements in all the three subordinate cycles was observed. In addition, the specific work of overall system showed 80% improvement by 1000 kJ/kg. Furthermore, injection the hydrogen to methane combustion could illuminate the carbon dioxide near to zero. Besides, finding the optimum molar fractions of ammonia-air mixture under the rich region diminished the NOx emission from about 1000 ppm down to 10 ppm in   . This index in lean region was decreased from 2500 ppm to 1200 ppm.


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