Guide for Authors

Paper Types:

Contributions can be made in three different forms: Full Research Article, Technical Note, Review Article

Full research article  must advance the current state of the art of the field, as well as the fact that it should be precise, succinct and having a well-documented conceptual foundations, ideas and models.  It is also imperative to present data or results of any form within the domain of practical use.

Technical Note is an abbreviated version of the full research article.  It must contain original research but with a summarized literature review and discussion of results.  Normally this type of article is one half size of the full research article.

Review articles, usually written by prominent researchers of the field, should include a very extensive literature review of a specific subject and present a birds-eye-view of the scientific results and achievements.  It could also provide a critical review of the current findings as published by other researchers.  

Initial Screening:

Upon submission of the manuscript a quick evaluation is carried out by the chief editor so as to determine whether or not:

  1. The major topic of the manuscript is within the scope defined for ENERGYEQUIPSYS.
  2. The novelty of the manuscript is undisputed.
  3. Graphics and Tables are of suitable quality.
  4. There is a “one to one” connection between the cited references scattered throughout the text and the list provided in the “References” section of the manuscript. Moreover, each and every item in the References section must conform to the format specified by the manuscript preparation guidelines.
  5. All the mathematical symbols are well defined.
  6. The writing is free of conspicuous grammatical and spelling errors.

If any of the items mentioned above fails to meet journal requirements, the manuscript may be completely rejected or sent back to the author(s) for revision or possible resubmission.

Contact details for submission

For further questions please contact the managing editor at

Points to Consider Prior to Manuscript Preparation

Conflict of interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three months of submission that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

Submission declaration

Submission of an article means that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

Author Change

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts and only before online publication:

Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the managing editor from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will not be considered.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'. Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form.


All articles must be written in Standard English (American or British).


Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.

All manuscripts are sent to at least two independent reviewers to ensure both accuracy and relevance to the journal. Authors should therefore provide the names of up to 5 potential reviewers upon submission.

Manuscript Preparation

Article structure

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Do not use more than three subdivisions.

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate and focused background, avoiding a detailed or irrelevant literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results should be clear and to the point.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature, but justification of the significance of the results in light of other studies is encouraged.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Essential title page information

  • Title. Must be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae.
  • Author names and affiliations.Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding author.Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/permanent address.If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Graphical abstract

A Graphical abstract is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


Place acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Math formulae

Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Authors must embed their figures in the main text as well as upload their figures as separate files in ENERGYEQUIPSYS.

Electronic Artwork

General points

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.
  • Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
  • Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
  • Submit each figure as a separate file.

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please "save as" or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):

  • EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as "graphics".
  • TIFF: color or gray scale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or gray scale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.

Please do not:

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low;
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then ENERGYEQUIPSYS will ensure, at no additional charge that these figures will appear in color on the journal website regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from ENERGYEQUIPSYS after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only.

Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Figures must be numbered in the order they appear within the text. Figure captions must be placed under the figure using the sentence format. Figures must be sufficiently legible for reproduction.


Tables must be numbered sequentially and scattered throughout the text. They must be referred to within the text. A brief description along with the table number must appear above each table.


Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

Reference style

Within the text: references must be numbered sequentially according to the order they appear within the text using the following format:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials) followed by [number];
  2.  Two authors: both authors' names followed by [number];
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and [number].

Examples: 'as demonstrated Ramsey[1]; Ulanovic and Tapia[2]; Chouduray et al.[3].


List: References should be arranged in the order they appear in the text.




Basic Format

Author, Title of Paper, Name of Journal (Year) Vol.:pp. xx-xx.



Yelmule M., Anjuri E., CFD Predictions of NREL Phase VI Rotor Experiments in NASA/AMES Wind Tunnel, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (2013) 3: 125–137.




Basic Format

Author, Title of Paper, Name of Conference (Year) Month (Abrev), Day, Vol.: pp. xx-xx.



Lund H., Mathiesen B.V., Energy System Analysis of 100% Renewable Energy Systems, Energy 4th Dubrovnik Conference, (2009) Jan.12-13, 34:524–531.



Basic Format

Author, Title of Book, xth ed. (Year) pp. xx-xx, ISSN/ISBN, Publisher.


Smith W., Hashemi J., Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering (2006) 169-360, ISBN 0-07-295358-6, Springer.



Basic Format

Author, Title of Patent, U.S. Patent xxxxxxx (Year).



Wilkinson J., Nonlinear Resonant Circuit Devices, U.S.Patent 2485760 (1990).

Chapter in an edited book

Basic Format

Author, Title of Chapter ,Title of Book, (Year) pp. xx-xx.



Balat M., Gasification of Biomass to Produce Gaseous Products. Energy Sources, Part A, (2009) 516-526.

Journal abbreviations source

Journal names can be preferably abbreviated according to

  1. Index Medicus journal abbreviations:;
  2. List of title word abbreviations:;
  3. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service):

Submission checklist

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article before sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone and fax numbers

All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:

  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

 Further considerations:

  • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
  • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
  • If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes

After acceptance 


One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to us in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will not be considered at this stage. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately – please let us have all your corrections within 5 days. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that ENERGYEQUIPSYS may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.


The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail.

Author inquiries 

For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission) please visit this journal's homepage. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher.


Upon acceptance of the manuscript authors are required to sign and submit the publishing agreement form as obtained in the link below:

Copyright Transfer Agreement.pdf

To cover the editorial and administrative expenses, all authors with Iranian affiliations whose manuscripts have been accepted for publication must pay 9.000.000 IRR (900.000 Tomans) directly to the Shaba number of  IR83 - 0100 - 0040 - 0107- 0103 - 0068 - 25   & Deposit ID 375070174140107000000001711202 and email the proof of payment to