Analysis and simulation of dynamic performance for DFIG-based wind farm connected to a distrubition system

Document Type: Research Paper


Smart Microgrid Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


Local renewable resources such as wind and solar are often available in remote locations. Wind farms consist of many individual wind turbines which are connected to the electric power transm­iss­i­o­n ne­tw­o­r­k­. A wind farm can use the wind resources from a certain area efficiently. Double-fed induction generator (DFIG) is a gene­rating principle widely used in wind turbine (WT). DFIG are able to generate active and reactive powers in an independent way. The objective of this paper is to study the imp­rovement in dynamic performance conurbation from wind farms. Simulation studies were carried out in a two-machine power system. Different operating scenarios have been considered. Finally, some simulations are shown to support the imp­rovement in dynamic performance of the DFIG based WT.


[1]  Bhatt P., Ghoshal S.P., Roy R., Coordinated Control of TCPS and SMES for Frequency Regulation of Interconnected Restructured Power Systems with Dynamic Participation from DFIG Based Wind Farm, Renewable Energy (2012) 40(1):40-50.

[2] Shahgholian G., Power System Stabilizer Application for Load Frequency Control in Hydro-Electric Power Plant, Engineering Mathematics (2017) 2(1):21-30.

[3] Shahgholian G., Khani K., Moazzami M., Frequency Control in Autanamous Microgrid in the Presence of DFIG Based Wind Turbine, Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology (2015) 6(23): 3-12.

[4]  Mozafarpoor-Khoshrodi S.H., Shahgholian G., Improvement of Perturb and Observe Method for Maximum Power Point Tracking in Wind Energy Conversion System Using Fuzzy Controller, Energy Equipment and Systems (2016) 4(2):111-122.

[5] Lopez J., Gubia E., Sanchis P., Roboam X., Wind Turbines Based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator under Asymmetrical Voltage Dips, The IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion (2008) 23(1):321-330.

[6] Liu H., Xie X., Zhang C., Li Y., Liu H., Hu Y., Quantitative SSR Analysis of Series-Compensated DFIG-Based Wind Farms Using Aggregated RLC Circuit Model, The IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2017) 32(1): 474-483.

[7] Javaheri-Fard H., Najafi H.R., Eliasi H., Active and Reactive Power Control Via Currents of a Rotor’s d and q Components with Nonlinear Predictive Control Strategy in a Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based on Wind Power System, Energy Equipment and Systems (2015) 3(2) 143-157.

[8] Song Y., Wang X., Blaabjerg F., High-frequency Resonance Damping of DFIG-Based Wind Power System under Weak Network, The IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics (2017) 32(3): 1927-1940.

[9] Hughes F.M., Anaya-Lara O., Ramtharan G., Jenkins N., Strbac G., Influence of Tower Shadow and Wind Turbulence on the Performance of Power System Stabilizers for DFIG-Based Wind Farms, The IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion (2008) 23(2):519-528.

[10] Fernández R.D., Mantz R.J., Battaiotto P.E., Wind Farm Control for Stabilisation of Electrical Networks Based on Passivity, International Journal of Control (2010)83(1):105-114.

[11] Yang L., Yang G.Y., Xu Z., Dong Z.Y., Wong K.P., Ma X., Optimal Controller Design of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbine System for Small Signal Stability Enhancement, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution (2010) 4(5): 579–597 579.

[12] Chaudhuri N.R., Chaudhuri B., Considerations Toward Coordina‌t‌ed Control of DFIG-Based Wind Farms, The IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2013) 28(3): 1263-1270.

[13] Chowdhury M.A., Shen W., Hosseinzadeh N., Pota H.R., Transient Stability of Power System Integrated with Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Farms, IET Renewable Power Generation (2015) 9(2): 184–194.

[14] Yang B., Jiang L., Wang L., Yao W., Wu Q.H., Nonlinear Maximum Power Point Tracking Control and Modal Analysis of DFIG Based Wind Turbine, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems (2016) 74: 429–436.

[15] Mitra A., Chatterjee D., Active Power Control of DFIG-Based Wind Farm for Improvement of Transient Stability of Power Systems, The IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2016) 31(1): 82-93.

[16] Liu Y., Jiang L., Wu Q.H., X. Zhou, Frequency Control of DFIG-Based Wind Power Penetrated Power Systems Using Switching Angle Controller and AGC, The IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2017) 32(2): 1553-1567.

[17] Fooladgar M., Rok-Rok E., Fani B., Shahgholian G., Evaluation of the Trajectory Sensitivity Analysis of the DFIG Control Parameters in Response to Changes in Wind Speed and the Line Impedance Connection to the Grid DFIG, Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology (2015) 5(20): 37-54.

[18] Hong M., Xin H., Liu W., Xu Q., Zheng T., Gang D., Critical Short Circuit Ratio Analysis of the DFIG Wind Farm with Vector Power Control and Synchronized Control, Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (2016) 11(2): 320-328, 2016.

[19] Mehta B., Bhatt P., Pandya V., Small Signal Stability Enhancement of DFIG Based Wind Power System Using Optimized Controllers Parameters,  International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems (2015) 70: 70–82.

[20] Shahgholian G., Khani K., Moazzami M., The Impact of DFIG Based Wind Turbines in Power System Load Frequency Control with Hydro Turbine,  Dam and Hedroelectric Powerplant (2015) 1(3): 38-51.

[21] Chena Q., Lib Y., Seemc J.E., Dual-loop Self-Optimizing Robust Control of Wind Power Generation with Doubly-Fed Induction Generator, ISA Transactions (2015) 58: 409–420.

[22] Mohammadpour H.A., Santi E., Modeling and Control of Gate-Controlled Series Capacitor Interfaced with a DFIG-Based Wind Farm, The IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics (2015) 62 (2): 1022-1033.

[23] Koa H.S., Yoonb G.G., Kyunga N.H., Hongc W.P., Modeling and Control of DFIG-Based Variable-Speed Wind-Turbine, Electric Power Systems Research (2008) 78(11):1841–1849.

[24] Geng H., Liu C., Yang G., LVRT Capability of DFIG-Based WECS under Asymmetrical Grid Fault Condition, The IEEE Transactions on Industrila Electronics (2013) 60(6): 2495-2509.

[25] Ghennam T., Aliouane K., Akel F., Francois B., Berkouk E.M., Advanced Control System of DFIG Based Wind Generators for Reactive Power Production and Integration in a Wind Farm Dispatching, Energy Conversion and Management (2015) 105: 240–250.

[26] Shahgholian G., Izadpanahi N., Improving the Performance of Wind Turbine Equipped with DFIG Using STATCOM Based on Input-Output Feedback Linearization Controller, Energy Equipment and Systems (2016) 4(1): 65-79.

[27] Song Z., Shi T., Xia C., Chen W., A Novel Adaptive Control Scheme for Dynamic Performance Improvement of DFIG-Based Wind Turbines, Energy (2012) 38(1) 104–117.

[28] Fan L., Zhu C., Miao Z., Hu M., Modal Analysis of a DFIG-Based Wind Farm Interfaced with a Series Comp‌en‌sated Network, The IEEE Transactions on  Energy Conve‌rs‌i‌o‌n (2011) 26(4):1010-1020.

[29] Fan L., Kavasseri R., Miao Z.L., Zhu C., Modeling of DFIG-Based Wind Farms for SSR Analysis, The IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2010) 25(4): 2073-2082.

[30] Muyeen S.M., Takahashi R., Murata T., Tamura J., A Variable Speed Wind Turbine Control Strategy to Meet Wind Farm Grid Code Requirements, The IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2010) 25(1):331-340.