Exergo-environmental and exergo-economic analyses and multi-criteria optimization of a novel solar-driven CCHP based on Kalina cycle

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The present research proposes and optimizes the performance of a novel solar-driven combined cooling, heating, and power (CCHP) Kalina system for two seasons—winter and summer—based on exergy, exergo-economic, and exergo-environmental concepts applying a Non-dominated Sort Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) technique. Three criteria, i.e. daily exergy efficiency, total product cost rate, and total product environmental impact rate associated with the exergy of the system for each season are considered simultaneously for multi-objective optimization. The outcomes reveal that increments in turbine inlet pressure and mass flow rate of the vapour generator lower the environmental impact of system products as well as the total product cost rate in both seasons. The optimum value of daily exergy efficiency, total product environmental impact rate, and total product cost rate indicate improvements by 2.56%, 15.7%, and 15.3% respectively in summer and 36.34%, 7.39%, and 4.93% respectively in winter, relative to the base point.

Keywords


[1] Kalina A.I., Generation of Energy by Means of a Working Fluid, and Regeneration of a Working Fluid (1982)

[2] Nag P.K., Gupta A.V.S.S.K.S., Exergy Analysis of the Kalian Cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering (1998) 427-439.

[3] Xinxin Z., Maogang H., Ying Z., A Review of Research on the Kalian Cycle, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2012) 5309-5318.

[4] Kalina A., Leibowitz H., Application of the Kalina Cycle Technology to Geothermal Power Generation, Geothermal Resources Council Transactions (1989)p. 11-605.

[5] Hettiarachchi H., Golubovic M., Worek W., The Performance of the Kalina Cycle System 11 (KCS-11) with Low-Temperature Heat Sources, Journal Energy Resour Techno (2007) 243-247.

[6] Nasruddin, et al., Energy and Exergy Analysis of Kalina Cycle System (KCS) 34 with Mass Fraction Ammonia-Water Mixture Variation, Mechanical Science and Technology (2009)1871-1876.

[7] Lolos P.A., Rogdakis E.D., Thermodynamic Analysis Of A Kalina Power Unit Driven By Low Temperature Heat Sources. Thermal science (2009) 13: 21-31.

[8] Sun F., Ikegami Y., Jia B., A Study on Kalina Solar System with an Auxiliary Superheater, Renewable Energy (2012) 41: 210-219.

[9] Shankar Ganesh N., Srinivas T., Optimized Kalina Cycle, in Frontiers in Automobile and Mechanical Engineering (FAME)(2010).

[10] Wang J., et al., Parametric Analysis and Optimization of a Kalina Cycle Driven by Solar Energy. Applied Thermal Engineering (2013)50(1): 408-415.

[11] Li X., Zhang Q., Li,X., A Kalina Cycle with Ejector, Energy (2013) 54(0): 212-219.

[12] Xu F., Yogi Goswami D., Bhagwat S. S., A Combined Power/Cooling Cycle. Energy (2000) 25(3): 233-246.

[13] Tamm G., et al., Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of an Ammonia–Water Power and Refrigeration Thermodynamic Cycle, Solar Energy (2004) 76(1): p. 217-228.

[14] Martin C., Goswami D.Y., Effectiveness of Cooling Production with a Combined Power and Cooling Thermodynamic Cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering, (2006) 26(5–6): 576-582.

[15] Padilla R.V., et al., Analysis of Power and Cooling Cogeneration Using Ammonia-Water Mixture, Energy (2010) 35(12): 4649-4657.

[16]  Demirkaya G., et al., Analysis of a Combined Power and Cooling Cycle for Low-Grade Heat Sources, Energy Research (2010) 35: 1145-1157.

[17] Jawahar C., et al., Simulation Studies on Gax Based Kalina Cycle for Both Power and Cooling Applications, Applied Thermal Engineering (2011).

[18] Zare V., et al., Thermoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of an Ammonia–Water Power/Cooling Cogeneration Cycle,Energy (2012).

[19] Ma S., et al., Thermodynamic Analysis of a New Combined Cooling, Heat and Power System Driven by Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Based on Ammonia–Water Mixture, Journal of Power Sources, (2011) 196(20): 8463-8471.

[20] Meyer L., et al., Exergoenvironmental Analysis for Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Energy Conversion Systems, Energy(2009) 34(1): 75-89.

[21] Boyano A., et al., Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Steam Methane Reforming Process for Hydrogen Production, Energy (2011) 36(4): 2202-2214.

[22] Petrakopoulou F., et al., Exergoeconomic and Exergoenvironmental Analyses of a Combined Cycle Power Plant with Chemical Looping Technology, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (2011)5(3): 475-482.

[23] Petrakopoulou F., et al., Exergoeconomic and Exergoenvironmental Evaluation of Power Plants Including CO2 Capture, Chemical Engineering Research and Design (2011) 89(9): 1461-1469.

[24]  Atılgan R., et al., Environmental Impact Assessment of a Turboprop Engine with the Aid of Exergy, Energy (2013) 58: 664-671.

[25] Abusoglu A., M.S. Sedeeq, Comparative Exergoenvironmental Analysis and Assessment of Various Residential Heating Systems, Energy and Buildings, (2013) 62: 268-277.

[26] Blanco-Marigorta A.M., Masi M., Manfrida G., Exergo-Environmental Analysis of a Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plant in Gran Canaria, Energy (2014)76: 223-232.

[27] Hamut H., Dincer I., Naterer G., Exergoenvironmental Analysis of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Journal of Cleaner Production (2014)67187-196.

[28] Khoshgoftar Manesh, M., et al., Exergoeconomic and Exergoenvironmental Evaluation of the Coupling of a Gas Fired Steam Power Plant with a Total Site Utility System. Energy Conversion and Management, (2014)77: 469-483.

[29] Keçebaş A., Exergoenvironmental Analysis for a Geothermal District Heating System, An Application, Energy, (2016)94: 391-400.

[30] Fergani Z., Touil D., Morosuk T., Multi-Criteria Exergy Based Optimization of an Organic Rankine Cycle for Waste Heat Recovery in the Cement Industry, Energy Conversion and Management (2016)112: 81-90.

[31] Mosaffa A., Farshi L.G., Exergoeconomic and Environmental Analyses of an Air Conditioning System Using Thermal Energy Storage, Applied Energy(2016) 162: 515-526.

[32] Kalogirou S.A., Solar Energy Engineering, Processes and Systems. (2009).

[33] Bejan A., Moran M.J., Thermal Design and Optimization (1996).

[34] Li. H., et al., Performance Characteristics of R1234yf Ejector-Expansion Refrigeration Cycle, Applied Energy, (2014)121: 96-103.

[35] Wang J., Dai Y., Sun Z., A Theoretical Study on a Novel Combined Power and Ejector Refrigeration Cycle, International Journal of Refrigeration (2009)32(6): 1186-1194.

[36] Çengel Y.A., Boles M.A., Thermodynamics: an Engineering Approach, McGraw-Hill Higher Education (2006).

[37] Ogriseck S., Integration of Kalina Cycle in a Combined Heat and Power Plant, A Case Study, Applied Thermal Engineering (2009) 29(14–15): 2843-2848.

[38] Index M.S.E.C., Economic Indicators. Chemical engineering, September (2013)

76.

[39] Ahmadi P., Dincer I., Rosen M.A., Multi-Objective Optimization of a Novel Solar-Based Multigeneration Energy System. Solar Energy (2014)108: 576-591.

[40] Smith R.M., Chemical Process, Design and Integration(2005).

[41] Zhou C., Doroodchi E., Moghtaderi B., An in-Depth Assessment of Hybrid Solar–Geothermal Power Generation, Energy Conversion and Management, (2013)74: 88-101.

[42] Campos Rodríguez C.E., et al., Exergetic and Economic Comparison of ORC and Kalina Cycle for Low Temperature Enhanced Geothermal System in Brazil, Applied Thermal Engineering (2012).

[43] El-Emam R.S., Dincer I., Exergy and Exergoeconomic Analyses and Optimization of Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering(2013)59(1): 435-444.

[44] Petrakopoulou F., et al., Environmental Evaluation of a Power Plant Using Conventional and Advanced Exergy-Based Methods, Energy(2012)45(1): 23-30.

[45] Boyano A., et al., Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Steam Methane Reforming Process for Hydrogen Production, Energy(2011)36(4): 2202-2214.

[46] Kanoglu, M., Bolatturk A., Performance and Parametric Investigation of a Binary Geothermal Power Plant by Exergy. Renewable Energy(2008) 33(11): 2366-2374.

[47] Van Gool W., Energy Policy, Fairy Tales and Factualities, in Innovation and Technology—Strategies and Policies, Springer (1997) 93-105.

[48] Solver., E.E.E., Available at: http://www.fchart.com/.

[49] P-L Y., Multiple-Criteria Decision Making, Concepts, Techniques, and Extensions, Springer Science & Business Media (2013).