Thermo-economic analysis and optimization of cogeneration systems by considering economic parameters fluctuations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA


A successful cogeneration system design project needs an estimation of the economical parameters of the project, including capital investment, costs of fuel, expenses in maintenance and operating, and the proper cost for the products. This study describes the economic consideration of the benchmark cogeneration systems, called CGAM system located in the United States. To evaluate the profitability of alternative investments, cost estimation of the capital investment, calculation of the main product cost under the realistic assumption of fuel inflation, electricity inflation, and discount rate are required. Probabilistic analysis of lifetime discounted costs, including fuel and electricity cost changes, are defined by using the Monte-Carlo method for the next 20 years. Also, the total Revenue Requirement (TRR) method is selected as the main evaluation method for the economic model. As the result of calculations, the range of optimized value for inlet and outlet temperature of the combustion chamber, the efficiency of the gas turbine, efficiency and pressure ratio of air compressor in which the plant is economically and functionally in the best operation for the minimum cost of products of the cycle are achieved.


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