Development of a laboratory system to investigate and store electrical energy from the vibrations of a piezoelectric beam

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 School of Industrial and Information Engineering, Polytechnic University of Milan, Milan, Italy


Energy harvesting from surrounding environment has been attractive for many researchers in recent years. Therefore, developing appropriate test apparatus to study energy harvesting mechanisms and their performance is of paramount importance. Due to their electromechanical characteristics, piezoelectric materials are used for harvesting energy from environmental vibrations. For optimum utilization of this system in harvesting and storing energy, the studies need to consider the environmental conditions. In this work, the electromechanical system is developed with the aim of conducting tests on piezoelectric materials. It is an integrated system which is developed and built after considering the limitations and sensitivity of piezoelectric material. In this research, the simple piezoelectric beam is also tested. Evaluation results via this system are analysed using Abaqus. The error value in receiving output voltage is 6% because an ideal open circuit state is considered by this software.


[1] Tiersten H.F., Linear Piezoelectric Plate Vibrations, Plenum Press, New York (1969).
[2] Kymissis J. J., Kendall C., Paradiso J., Gershenfeld N., Parasiti Power Harvesting in Shoes, Second International Symposium on Wearable Computers, (1998)132-139.
[3] Oh S. J., Han H. J., Han S. B., Lee J. Y., Chun W. G., Development of a Tree-Shaped Wind Power System Using Piezoelectric Materials, International Journal of Energy Research(2010) 34(5): 431-437.
[4] Granstrom J., Feenstra J., Sodano H. A.,Farinholt K., Energy Harvesting From   a Backpack Instrumented with Piezoelectric Shoulder Straps, Smart Materials and Structures (2007) 16( 5):1810-1820.
[5] Lu F., Lee H.P., Lim S.P., Modeling and Analysis of Micro Piezoelectric Power Generators Formicro-Electromechanical-Systems Applications. Smart Materials and Structures (2004)13, 57–63.
[6] Chen S.-N., Wang G.-J., Chien M.-C. Analytical Modeling of Piezoelectric Vibration-Induced Micro Power Generator Mechatronics (2006) 16: 397–387.
[7] Lin J.H., Wu X.M., Ren T.L., Liu L.T. Modeling and Simulation of Piezoelectric MEMS Energy Harvesting Device, Integrated Ferroelectrics (2007) 95: 128–141.
[8] Erturk A. Inman D.J., Issues in Mathematical Modeling of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters, Smart Materials and Structures (2008) 17: 065016.
[9] Shu Y.C., Lien I.C., Analysis of Power Outputs for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems, Smart Materials and Structures (2006) 15: 1499–1502.
[10] Guan M. J. Liao W. H., Characteristics of Energy Storage Devices in Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures (2008) 19(6):671-680.
[11] Kwon D., Rincon-Mora G. A., A Rectifier-Free Piezoelectric Energy Harvester Circuit, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) (2009)1085-1088.
[12] Sodano H., Anton S., A Review of Power Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Materials, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures(2007).
[13]Erturk A., Inman D. J., Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, United Kingdom (2011).
[14] Cook-Chennault K.A., Thambi N., Sastry A.M. Powering MEMS Portable Devices, A Review of Non-Regenerative and Regenerative Power Supply Systems with Emphasis on Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems, Smart Materials and Structures (2008) 17: 043001.