Document Type: Research Paper

**Authors**

Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

**Abstract**

Two-dimensional numerical study of flow and temperature fields for laminar natural convection and radiation in the inclined cavity is performed in the present work. The walls of the square cavity are assumed kept at constant temperatures. An absorbing, emitting, and scattering gray medium is enclosed by the opaque and diffusely emitting walls. The set of governing equations, including conservation of mass, momentum, and energy for fluid flow, is solved numerically by the CFD method, while radiation computation is based on the numerical solution of the radiative transfer equation. The finite volume method has been adopted to solve the governing equations, and the discrete ordinates method (DOM) is used to model the radiative transfer in the absorbing-emitting medium. The effects of Rayleigh number from 10^{3} to 10^{6} and inclination angle in a broad range from 0 to 90^{o} on temperature and velocity distributions and Nusselt numbers are investigated. It was found that the total heat transfer in the cavity is increased under thermal radiation, and variation of inclination angle causes a sweep behavior in the flow pattern inside the cavity.

**Keywords**

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Volume 8, Issue 2

Spring 2020

Pages 111-126