Techno-Econo-Environmental study on the use of domestic-scale wind turbines in Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Architecture, Sepehr institute of Higher Educational, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Existing fossil fuels do not meet the needs of modern societies and are almost coming to an end. Hence, governments can respond both to the needs of the people and the industry, by investing in the use of renewable energies. As well as saving fossil fuels, natural gas and even water. According to the research, renewable energy, especially wind energy, has been used in recent years and are able to satisfy some of the existing needs. The purpose of present study is to investigate the techno-econo-enviro use of domestic-scale wind turbines in Iran in order to select the optimal turbine according to the geographic location of each station in the country. At the present study, five types of wind turbines, including Generic 1kW, Generic 3kW, Generic 10kW, BWC XL 1.25kW and WES Tulipo 2.5kW have been used at all stations in the country to provide the most suitable type of turbine with the help of HOMER software and based on the geographic location of each station. The results showed that among all stations and types of wind turbines, the highest and lowest total net present cost (NPC) with 49131 $ and 11622 $ respectively are related to Zanjan and Alvand stations and Generic 1kW wind turbines. Also, the cost per kWh of produced wind electricity is 2.847 $ and 0.674 $ respectively at these stations. Also in the case of using hybrid wind-diesel system by Generic 1kW, Generic 3kW, BWC XL. 1.25kW, WES 2.5kW and Generic 10kW wind turbines at the all under study stations, annually generate a total of 246409, 213951, 212826, 122460 and 152030 Kg CO2 respectievely. Another point is that at Alvand, Arak, Babolsar, Iranshahr, Kashan, Khoy and Orumieh Generic 1kW wind turbine, at Anzali, Hamedan, Ramsar and Torbate Heydarie BWC XL. 1.25kW wind turbine, and at the 91 remaining stations WES 2.5kW wind turbine are the most economically feasible options.

Keywords


[1] Alamdari, P., Nematollahi, O., Mirhosseini, M., Assessment of wind energy in Iran: a review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2012) 16(1): 836-860.
[2] Jahangiri, M., Alidadi Shamsabadi A., Designing a horizontal-axis wind turbine for South Khorasan province: A case study, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing (2017) 18(10): 1463-1473.
[3] Global wind energy council (GWEC), Global wind statistics 2017, (2018). http://gwec.net/wp-content/uploads/vip/GWEC_PRstats2017_EN-003_FINAL.pdf. Available: 07.05.2018.
[4] Ghorbani, N., Aghahosseini, A., Breyer, C., Transition towards a 100% renewable energy system and the role of storage technologies: a case study of Iran, Energy Procedia (2017) 135: 23-36.
[5] SATBA (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization), Renewable Power Plants Geographical Map. http://www.satba.gov.ir, Available: 12.07.2018.
[6] Global wind atlas, https://globalwindatlas.info, Available: 12.07.2018.
[7] Syarifah A.R., Abdullah A.G., Hakim D.L., Nandiyanto A.B.D., Design of Hybrid Power System for Remote Area. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (2018) 288 (1): 012010.
[8] Bulut F., Murat L.Ü.Y., Ertugrul Ç.A.M., The effects of incentives on renewable energy resources for home users, International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies (2017)  4(2): 94-100.
[9] Usman, R., Gidado, A., Feasibility analysis of a grid connected PV/wind options for rural healthcare centre using homer, European Journal of Engineering and Technology (2017) 5(3): 12-20.
[10] Srivastava R., Giri V.K., Optimization of hybrid renewable resources using HOMER, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER) (2016) 6(1): 157-163.
[11] Jahangiri M., Khosravi A., Raiesi H.A., Mostafaeipour A., Analysis of Standalone PV-Based Hybrid Systems for Power Generation in Rural Area, International Conference on Fundamental Research in Electrical Engineering, (2017) Jul.1-2, 1:1-10.
[12] Global petrol prices, Gasoline prices, liter,
https://www.globalpetrolprices.com/gasoline_prices, Available: 07.05.2018.
[13] Trading economics, Iran Interest Rate. https://tradingeconomics.com/iran/interest-rate, Available: 12.07.2018.
[14] Li C., Ge X., Zheng Y., Xu C., Ren Y., Song C., Yang C., Techno-economic feasibility study of autonomous hybrid wind/PV/battery power system for a household in Urumqi, China. Energy (2013) 55: 263-272.
[15] Jahangiri M., Nematollahi O., Sedaghat A., Saghafian, M., Techno-economical assessment of renewable energies integrated with fuel cell for off grid electrification: A case study for developing countries. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy (2015) 7(2): 023123.
[16] Jahangiri M., Rizi R.A., Alidadi Shamsabadi A., Feasibility study on simultaneous generation of electricity and heat using renewable energies in Zarrin Shahr, Iran, Sustainable Cities and Society (2018) 38: 647-661.
[17] Abad M.R.A.A., Taraghdari M.B., Ali M.S., Mohagheghzadeh, F., Development of wind energy in Iran, International journal of advanced scientific and technical research (2012) 2(1): 228-234.
[18] IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency), Renewable Energy and Jobs Annual Review 2018, Key facts (2018) 2-28, ISBN: 978-92-9260-062-4.
[19] Alidadi Shamsabadi A., Jahangiri M., Karimzadeh Bardei F., Raeisi H.A., Investigation of Sensitivity Analysis in the Generation of Renewable Electricity for a Hybrid System in Iran, The 12th international Energy Conference (IEC 2018), (2018) June 19-20, 12:1-14.
[20] Alamdari P., Nematollahi O., Jahangiri M., Feasibility study of wind energy for generate electricity in Province of Sistan and Baluchistan, case study: Nosrat Abad, The 3rd International Scientific Conference of Iranian Students in Belarus, Minsk, (2012) June 22–26.
[21] Jahangiri M., Nematollahi O., Sedaghat A., Saghafian M., Techno-economical assessment of renewable energies integrated with fuel cell for off grid electrification: A case study for developing countries, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy (2015) 7(2): 023123.
[22] Riahi Zaniani J., Heydarian Dehkordi R., Bibak A., Bayat P., Jahangiri M., Examining the Possibility of Using Solar Energy to Provide Warm Water Using Retscreen4 Software (Case Study: Nasr Primary School of Pirbalut), Current World Environment (2015) 10(1): 1-7.
[23] Alidadi Shamsabadi A., Jahangiri M., Koohi Faeghm A., Raeisi Dehkordi A., Biogas production in a dairy cow unit to provide a sustainable solution for reducing the environmental pollutions and pathogens, The 11th international Energy Conference (IEC 2016), (2016)  May 30-31, 11:1-9.
[24] Pahlavan S., Jahangiri M., Shamsabadi A., Khechekhouche A., Feasibility Study of Solar Water Heaters in Algeria, a Review, Journal of Solar Energy Research (2018) 3(2): 135-146.