Damping analysis of sub-synchronous resonance (SSR) in a wind farm based on DFIG in a series compensated network

Authors

Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The effect of wind generator on sub-synchronous resonance (SSR) is being interested by increasing penetration of wind turbine in power systems,. Purpose of this article is to analyze SSR in a wind farm based on doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) which is connected to compensating series grid. A dynamic model for analysis of induction generator effect and Torsional Interaction (TI) has been utilized and simulated. The IEEE first benchmark model, is modified to include a 100 MW DFIG-based wind farm, is employed as a case study. three phenomena including a) series compensation level, b) the rotor speed, and c) effect of internal parameters of RSC controller on SSR are evaluated and the simulation results are analyzed.

Keywords


[1] Kundur P., Power System Stability and Control. New York: McGraw Hill (1994).

[2] Chuangpishit S., Tabesh A., Moradi-Sharbabk Z., Saeedifard M., Topology Design for Collector Systems of Offshore Wind Farms with Pure DC Power Systems, IEEE Transaction Industrial Electronics (2014) 22(1): 320-328.

[3] Fan L., Kavasseri R., Miao Z. L., Zhu Ch., Modeling of DFIG-Based Wind Farms for SSR Analysis, IEEE Transaction Power Del (2010) 25(4).

 [4] Mohammadpour H.A., Ghaderi A., Santi E., Analysis of Sub-Synchronous Esonance in Doubly-Fed Induction Generator-Based Wind Farms Interfaced with Gate-Controlled Series Capacitor, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution   (2014) 8 (12): 1998–2011

[5] Varma R., Auddy S., Semsedini Y., Mitigation of Subsynchronous Resonance in a Series Compensated Wind Farm Using FACTS Controllers, Transactions on Power Delivery (2008) 23(3): 1645–1654.

[6] Ostadi A., Yazdani A., Varma R., Modeling and Stability Analysis of a DFIG Based Wind-Power Generator Interfaced with a Series-Compensated Line, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2009) 24(3): 1504–1514.

[7] Zhu C., Fan L., Hu M., Modeling and Simulation of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine for SSR,  North American Power Symposium (NAPS) (2009).

[8] Jesus F. de, Watanabe E., Souza L. de, Alves J., SSR and Power Oscillation Damping Using Gate-Controlled Series Capacitors (GCSC),  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2007) 22(3): 1806–1812.

[9] Kumar L. S., Ghosh A., Modeling and Control Design of a Static Synchronous Series Compensator, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (1999) 14(4): 1448–1453.

[10] IEEE Committee Report, First Benchmark Model for Computer Simulation of Subsynchronous Resonance, IEEE Transactions  on  Power  Apparatus and Systems (1977) 95(5): 1565–1672.

[11] Fernandez L. M., Jurado F., Saenz J. R., Aggregated Dynamic Model for Wind Farms with Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbines, Renewable Energy (2008) 33: 129–140

[12] Bialasiewics J. T., Muljadi E., The Wind Farm Aggregation Impact on Power Quality November (2006) [Online]. Available: http://www.nrel.gov/wind/pdfs/39870.pdf, National Renewable Energy Lab. Rep.

[13] Muljadi E., Parsons B., Comparing Single and Multiple Turbine Representations in a Wind Farm Simulation, Wind Energy Conf., Athens, Greece (2006).

[14] Karaagac U., Faried S.O.O., Mahseredjian J., Edris A., Coordinated Control of Wind Energy Conversion Systems for Mitigating Subsynchronous Interaction in DFIG-Based Wind Farms, IEEE Transactions Smart Grid (2014): 2440–2449

[15] Omar Faried S., Unal I., Rai D., Mahseredjian J., Utilizing DFIG-Based Wind Arms for Damping Subsynchronous Resonance in Nearby Turbine-Generators, IEEE Transactions Power Syst (2014): 452–459.

[16] Mei F., Pal B., Modal Analysis of Grid-Connected Doubly Fed Induction Generators, IEEE TransactionsEnergy (2007) 22(3): 728–736.

[17] Leon A.E., Mauricio J.M., Solsona J.A., Subsynchronous Resonance Mitigation
Using Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution (2012): 511–525.

[18] Lei Y., Mullane A., Lightbody G., Yacamini R., Modeling of the Wnd Turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Grid Integration Studies, IEEE TransactionsEnergy Convers (2006) 21(1): 257–264.

[19] Miao Z., Fan L., The Art of Modeling High-order Induction Generator in Wind Generation Applications, Simul. Modell. Practice and Theory (2008) 16(9):1239–1253.

[20] Mei F.,  Pal. B. C., Modelling of Dobuly-Fed Induction Generator for Power System Stability Study, IEEE Power & Energy General Meeting (2008).